The Netherlands is situated in north Western Europe neighbouring Germany, Belgium and the North sea. The kingdom of the Netherlands also entails the Dutch Antilles in the Caribbean which includes Aruba, Curaçao, and st. Maarten which all have a home rule status as well as saba, st. Eustatius and Bonaire.
Inhabited since pre historic times, the territory had foreign domination for most of its existence. Romans, Franks, Vikings, Germans, French and spanish have dominated the country. Dutch territorial history starts in the sixteenth century, when the Dutch lead by William the silent, Prince of Orange, revolted against spanish rule. By 1579 the Northern provinces formed the union of utrecht which became the basis for the Netherlands as it is today.